Violence against Women: A Serious Issue
Violence against Women: A Serious Issue
Women are the best creature of nature. The world even nature system cannot be performed without women. A female draws out several aspects differing form characteristics such as physical, mental. bodily and reproductive. These are natural and inbuilt right from the time a mother produces a female child.
Women are always respectable from every side but still, women face violence every second in the world. They face gender discrimination, violence, crime. Crimes such as dowry, sati-system, child marriage, and female infanticide were widely popular in the early eras in India. Women of today’s ear are empowered. They are equal to men even get a better position than men. Women are gaining advancements and success in every field. But still women in many sectors of India face violence more often.
What is Violence against Women?
The traditional male-dominant Indian society has posed violence to women. Violence against women comprises rape, molestation, kidnapping, Eve teasing, dowry, wife battering, forcible religious conversion, cheating etc. In the family, a woman is often subject to violence. It is also known as domestic violence. This type of violence comprises offences such as:
Psychological Attack: verbal and personal insult, the threat of intimidation, control of activities, mental torture etc.
Physical Attack: Beating, pushing, burning, causing pain, confining movement to four walls of the house, implementing the woman for sexual interaction without her permission, sexual harassment at the workplace, forced prostitution, blackmailing, acid attack etc.
Causes of Violence against Women:-
Women in today’s era are faced with new circumstances, trapped by modern difficulties and encountered many challenges. Women have become victims of violence by both inners of the family and also outside.
Some causes of violence against women are stated as follows:
■Women are less apt to be victimised by violent offence than men, though for some crimes and among some groups of women, victimisation is huger than men. Similarly, women become easy victims of crime.
■In some society, it is believed that women are the property of the family. They are not equal to men. So, the men generation of the society thinks that women should stay at the house and women and men not equal to men.
■Traditional Indian family believe that women are the pride of a family. If any women face violence, she should report against this. It will harm the reputation of the family.
Legal Framework against Violence against Women:-
Women always become victims of crime. In that case, the Indian Legislative department has enacted many laws for the protection of women against violence.
Constitution of India: The Constitution of India prohibits racism based on gender but it equally authorizes and endows the government to begin a special statute for women. The Constitution of India gives various rights for women which are the Right to freedom of women, the Right of women against exploitation, the Rights of women under directives and political representations of women.
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution protects all citizens regardless of their race, caste, gender, religion. Article 14 of the Indian Constitution grants the state shall not refute any person equality before the law. It restricts class regulation but allows adequate classification. This provision gives equal legal security to women in India against any crime. Article 15 (3) allows protective discrimination in favour of women as per which state can create a special provision. Article 16 of the constitution assures equal career opportunity for every citizen of India without any gender discrimination. Article 19 (1) of the Indian Constitution ensures freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association or unions, movements, residence, profession and occupation. Article 21 gives the Right to life and personal liberty of every person including women in India. Article 23 of the Indian Constitution prohibits human trafficking and forced labour. The sentence traffic in human beings is an extremely broad expression containing the prohibition of traffic in women for immoral motives.
Articles 36 to 51 of the Constitution of India deal with Directive Principles of State policy. Article 39(a) of the Constitution of India furnishes that the citizens equally have the right to a reasonable standard of livelihood and Article 39(d) guarantees equal pay for equal work without any discrimination on gender.
Article 40 of the Constitution of India stated that the state shall take actions to govern village panchayats and empower them with powers and authority and guarantee a specific portion of women chair-persons of panchayat in an Indian village.
Article 243 of the Indian Constitution lay down that not less than one-third of the entire number of seats to be replenished by Directive election in every Panchayat or Municipality shall be reserve for women. Indian Penal Code: IPC stated the provisions to penalise the criminal for the offences against women. The offences are stated below:
Sections 326A and 326B of IPC deal with Acid Attack.
Sections 375, 376, 376(a), 376(b), 376(c), 376(d) and 376(e) deal with Rape.
Sections 363–373 of IPC deal with Kidnapping.
Sections 302, 304(b) and 306 of IPC deal with Murder, Dowry death, Abetment of Suicide.
Section 498(a) of IPC deal with Cruelty by husband or his relatives.
Section 354 deal with Outraging the humility of women.
Section 354(a) deal with Sexual harassment against women.
Section 354(b) deal with Assault on women with the purpose to divest a woman.
Section 354(c) deal with Voyeurism.
Section 354(d) deal with Stalking.
Section 509 deal with word, indication or act planned to abuse the modesty of a woman. If any person commits these crimes against women he or she will be punishable by imprisonment and fine.
The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006: This act distinguishes child marriage. In a marriage where the husband or the bride is underage, this type of marriage is illegal.
Parents striving to marry minor girls are liable to action under this Act.
Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961: This Act deal with dowry-related cases. Under this Act, dowry is strictly prohibited.
Maternity Benefit Act, 1861: This act operates the women employment and maternity advantages ordered by law. It declares that a woman employee who worked in an organisation for at least 80 days during the 12 months coming before the date of her expected delivery is allowed to obtain maternity benefits.
Equal Remuneration Act, 1976: This Act deters discrimination in names of remuneration. It gives an equal payment bonus to men and women workers.
National Commission for Women Act, 1990: This Act conducts to enhance the position of women and helped for their financial empowerment.
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971: This Act diminishes the incident of illicit abortion and resultant maternal mortality and morbidity.
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013: This Act grants the safety of women at the workplace. This Act aspires to protect them from sexual harassment at their workplace.
How to stop Violence against Women?
Violence against women is a social developmental, legal, educational, human rights, and physical and mental health issue.
Every woman wants to be treated right, but often they become victims of crimes. To stop the violence against women the people should follow some norms:
Education has the power to cure society of crimes. Women education is an important aspect of society. If a woman is educated then future generations will be educated. The men should obey the women, they should know that women are equal to men.
If any woman faced violence in front of any person, the person should protest against it. The women should complain about the violence she faced.
The NGOs and Government authorities should take steps to educate and aware persons about the violence women often faced.
The legislation should be enacted with rigorous laws to prevent women’s crime.
Workshops and seminars should be organised to aware of the young generation and teenagers so that they cannot be a victim of those crimes.
Present Scenario of Violence against Women:-
Recently, India has witnessed a gang rape. On 14 September 2020, a 19-year-old Dalit woman was tormented and allegedly gang-raped by four upper-caste men in Hathras district in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Not only that in 2019 a veterinary doctor in Hyderabad was brutally raped also found dead with her body partially burnt. In 2019 4.05 lakh crimes against women reported by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), 1.26 lakh cases were that of domestic violence.
Since independence, India has witnessed many changes in society. Now in socially and economically women in India cherish equality with men. But still, in some part of society, women are treated as a burden. To solve these issues the women should be given greater freedom, better education, self-dependence, decent occupation, a violence-free society so that they can prove, they are not a burden to their parents and society.
By Shreeparna Goswami
What is violence against women? – National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children, https://plan4womenssafety.dss.gov.au/resources/what-is-violence-against-women/.
 Women rights in India | Women Laws India, http://www.womenlawsindia.com/legal-awareness/women-rights-in-india/.
 Offences Against Women and Provisions for it in the IPC, https://blog.ipleaders.in/offences-against-women/.
 India rape: Hathras woman from Dalit community dies after alleged gang-rape – CNN, https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/29/asia/india-dalit-woman-gang-rape-murder-intl/index.html.
 Not rape, domestic violence is top crime against women | India News – Times of India, https://m.timesofindia.com/india/not-rape-domestic-violence-is-top-crime-against-women/amp_articleshow/78494876.cms.